Andre Bredthauer, 1 , 2 Angela Geiger, 1 Michael Gruber, 1 Sophie-Marie Pfaehler, 1 Walter Petermichl, 1 Diane Bitzinger, 1 Thomas Metterlein, 1 , 3 and Timo Seyfried 1 , 4


1Department of Anesthesiology, University Medical Center Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany
2Department of Neurology at the University of Regensburg – Center for Vascular Neurology and Intensive Care Medicine, Regensburg, Germany
3Department of Anesthesiology, Ansbach Hospital, Ansbach, Germany
4Department of Anesthesiology, Ernst von Bergmann Hospital, Potsdam, Germany
Correspondence: Michael Gruber Department of Anesthesiology, University Medical Center Regensburg, Franz-Josef-Strauß-Allee 11, Regensburg, 93053, Germany, Phone: Tel +49 941-944-17870, Fax: Fax +49 941-944-7802, Email [email protected]


Immunology, Medical Research


Sepsis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Many patients suffering from sepsis are treated on intensive care units and many of them require mechanical ventilation under sedation or general anesthesia. Propofol, a drug used for these purposes, is known to interact with polymorphonuclear granulocytes (PMNs). Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of propofol on PMN functions after experimental Gram-negative induced sepsis using lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation.

A total of 34 granulocyte-enriched samples were collected from healthy subjects. PMNs were isolated by density gradient centrifugation and incubated simultaneously with either 6 µg/mL or 60 µg/mL propofol, or none (control). Additionally, the experimental sepsis samples were incubated with either 40 pg/mL or 400 pg/mL LPS. Live cell imaging was conducted in order to observe granulocyte chemotactic migration, ROS production, and NETosis. Flow cytometry was used to analyze viability and antigen expression.

Propofol led to significantly reduced PMN track length (p < 0.001) and track speed (p < 0.014) after LPS-induced sepsis in a dose-dependent manner. NETosis (p = 0.018) and ROS production (p = 0.039) were accelerated by propofol without LPS incubation, indicating improved immune function. Propofol also ameliorated LPS-induced increased NETosis and ROS-production. Antigen expression for CD11b, CD62l and CD66b was unaffected by propofol.



A Leica DMi8 microscope with a motorized adjustable microscope stage, a Leica DFC9000 camera and a pE-4000 light source (CoolLED, NY, USA) were used for live cell imaging.

Product Associated Features

The pE-4000 Universal Illumination System offers 16 selectable wavelengths from 365 - 770 nm, making it a highly flexible illuminator covering a wide variety of fluorophores

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Journal of inflammation research

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