Authors

Sean Austin O. Lim1,2 and D. James Surmeier1

Affiliations

1Department of Physiology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago (United States); 2Neuroscience Program, College of Science and Health, DePaul University, Chicago (United States).

Topic

Medical Research, Neuroscience, Optogenetics

Abstract

Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder that initially manifests itself in the striatum. How intrastriatal circuitry is altered by the disease is poorly understood. To help fill this gap, the circuitry linking spiny projection neurons (SPNs) to cholinergic interneurons (ChIs) was examined using electrophysiological and optogenetic approaches in ex vivo brain slices from wildtype mice and zQ175+/− models of HD. These studies revealed a severalfold enhancement of GABAergic inhibition of ChIs mediated by collaterals of indirect pathway SPNs (iSPNs), but not direct pathway SPNs (dSPNs). This cell-specific alteration in synaptic transmission appeared in parallel with the emergence of motor symptoms in the zQ175+/− model. The adaptation had a presynaptic locus, as it was accompanied by a reduction in paired-pulse ratio but not in the postsynaptic response to GABA. The alterations in striatal GABAergic signaling disrupted spontaneous ChI activity, potentially contributing to the network dysfunction underlying the hyperkinetic phase of HD.

https://dx.doi.org/10.3389%2Ffnsys.2020.626412

Extract

Four hundred and seventy nanometer blue light pulses were delivered via full field illumination (CoolLED pE-100). Pulse duration was 0.5 ms, and stimulation was done under 40x power magnification.

Product Associated Features

The pE-100 series is a family of single-wavelength fluorescence LED Illumination Systems, and in this case the pE-100 (470 nm) provides highly controllable and precise pulsing for optogenetic stimulation.

Product Type

pE-100

Journal

Front. Syst. Neurosci.

Year of Publication

2021

Country of Publication

USA