Authors

Bialowas, A., Rama, S., Zbili, M., Marra, V., Fronzaroli-Molinieres, L., Ankri, N., … Debanne, D.

Affiliations

INSERM, UMR_S 1072 Marseille, France, Aix-Marseille Universite, UNIS, Marseille, France.

Application Area

Electrophysiology

Electrophysiological Techniques

Abstract

Synaptic transmission usually depends on action potentials (APs) in an all-or-none (digital) fashion. Recent studies indicate, however, that subthreshold presynaptic depolarization may facilitate spike-evoked transmission, thus creating an analogue modulation of spike-evoked synaptic transmission, also called analogue-digital (AD) synaptic facilitation. Yet, the underlying mechanisms behind this facilitation remain unclear. We show here that AD facilitation at rat CA3-CA3 synapses is time-dependent and requires long presynaptic depolarization (5-10 s) for its induction. This depolarization-induced AD facilitation (d-ADF) is blocked by the specific Kv1.1 channel blocker dendrotoxin-K. Using fast voltage-imaging of the axon, we show that somatic depolarization used for induction of d-ADF broadened the AP in the axon through inactivation of Kv1.1 channels. Somatic depolarization enhanced spike-evoked calcium signals in presynaptic terminals, but not basal calcium. In conclusion, axonal Kv1.1 channels determine glutamate release in CA3 neurons in a time-dependent manner through the control of the presynaptic spike waveform.

Extract

… “ wide field with a 525-nm LED system (CoolLed; Roper Scientific/Photometrics, Tucson, AZ, USA)”

Product Associated Features

pE-100: A range of compact, simple-to-use, single wavelength illumination systems for screening fluorescence.

Diascopic Technique

-

Live Cell Issues

-

Product Type

pE-100

Journal

The European Journal of Neuroscience

Year of Publication

2015

Country of Publication

France